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Geography of Canada - Applied
Geography of Canada - Academic
Environment & Resource Management
World Issues
Geography of Canada
Grade 9 Academic


Nature of Human Systems

  • In Making Connections, read Chapters 30 and 31 for related material to this lesson.
  • Nature of Human Systems Slideshow
  • Nature of Human Systems Handouts
  • Complexity of Transportation Systems
    • Complete the attached Modes of Transportation organizer, using Making Connections.
    • Discover how map grid systems work by answering the questions on page 30 in Making Connections.
    • Label the main road (400 series highways), rail (main CN, CP, and VIA lines), ship (Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway, Trent-Severn Waterway, and Rideau Canal), and air routes (major international airports) on the attached outline map of Southern Ontario, using the Official Road Map of Ontario (an online version of the Official Road Map of Ontario is available at www.mto.gov.on.ca) and/or other resources. Use different colours for different modes of transportation (one each for road, rail and ship routes), create an appropriate symbol for airports. As with all maps, be sure to add all of the other required map essentials.
    • Complete the attached Transportation & Communication Case Studies organizer.
  • Interconnectedness of Systems at Home
    • Complete the attached Types of Communication organizer analyzing all of the ways humans are connected to one another through different types of communication, using Making Connections.
    • Draw an illustrative map of the systems running through, around, and otherwise affecting your home. Clearly label the direction that a particular system is flowing (e.g. water is supplied IN to your home) and clearly label all of the features of your drawing.
  • Infrastructure Systems Affecting the Natural Environment
    • Analyze your local community’s development over time by comparing older maps of your municipality with the infrastructure, houses, and commercial activities that exist today, by completing the Our Community: Then and Now worksheet attached.
    • As a city grows, bridges, sewers, stores, factories, roads, houses, and many other things (collectively known as infrastructure) are built to meet people’s needs. Draw a before and after sketch showing the same location a) in its natural state before many humans are there, and b) the impact on the natural environment after the infrastructure has been built.
    • Optional Assignment: A case study of Brooklin Village in Whitby and/or a case study of a local subdivision that is being proposed or is under development.